Literature review on capital adequacy
However, some have raised concerns that even these increased Medicare rates may not be sufficient. Once the U. To inform both discussions, this issue brief reviews the findings of 19 recent studies comparing Medicare and private health insurance payment rates for hospital care and physician services. Across all studies, payments from private insurers are much higher than Medicare payments for both hospital and physician services, although the magnitude of the difference varies ES Figure 1. Differences across studies may be due to a number of factors, including the representativeness of hospitals, physicians, and insurers used in the analysis, the data collection period, and the characteristics of the markets examined by each study, with some studies focusing on highly consolidated health care markets where providers have stronger negotiating leverage over insurers. For study descriptions, see the Appendix Table.
Capital Adequacy Ratio – CAR
(DOC) The effect of Capital Adequacy on Banks’ Performance | Bharati IMSR Journal - effetticollaterali.info
The objective of this work is to review the literature of the main concepts that lead to determining the strategic approach, creation of strategies, organizational structures, strategy formulation, and strategic evaluation as a guide for the organizational management, taking into account the effects produced by the different types of strategies on the performance of organizations. In this article, the systemic literature review method was used to synthesize the result of multiple investigations and scientific literature. The process of reading and analysis of the literature was carried out through digital search engines with keywords in areas related to the strategic management. This research reveals the lack of scientific literature containing important theoretical concepts that serve the strategists as a guide in the creation, formulation, and evaluation of strategies. This review contributes to the existing literature by examining the impact of the strategic management on the organizational performance. Through time, its meaning has been evolving, being applied to other human activities and, in particular, to business strategies. One of the main problems for their business strategists is the understanding of the competitive environment and the interpretation of the effects of the competition in a business [ 4 ]; in consequence for the research studies the time to strengthen again the study of the categories and the competition in the investigation of the strategic management SM has come.
A Study on Capital Adequacy and Its Impact on the Banks' Performance. A Panel Data Analysis
Basel II sets up risk and capital requirements, the intention being that a bank holds capital and reserves, from here on just called capital commensurate with the risk inherent in its loans MD and NMD , shares and derivatives. This means the greater the risk the more capital is required to ensure its solvency; if this approach is adopted widely it contributes to financial stability, locally and internationally. The other risks were not considered quantifiable at that stage. Banks which adopt the standardised ratings approach are obliged to rely on the ratings produced by external rating agencies. As indicated, Pillar 2 is the regulatory response to Pillar 1, and it presents regulators much improved "tools" over those available under Basel I.
The BIS hosts nine international organisations engaged in standard setting and the pursuit of financial stability through the Basel Process. For background, set out below are the main publications that describe the changes to the Basel Framework that were agreed as part of Basel III. Basel III is an internationally agreed set of measures developed by the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision in response to the financial crisis of The measures aim to strengthen the regulation, supervision and risk management of banks. Like all Basel Committee standards, Basel III standards are minimum requirements which apply to internationally active banks.