Under what circumstances do new constitutions promote democracy? Between and , the level of democracy increased in 62 countries following the adoption of a new constitution, but decreased or stayed the same in 70 others. Using data covering all new constitutions in countries during that period, we explain this divergence through empirical tests showing that overall increased participation during the process of making the constitution positively impacts postpromulgation levels of democracy. Then, after disaggregating constitution-making into three stages drafting, debating, and ratification we find compelling evidence through robust statistical tests that the degree of citizen participation in the drafting stage has a much greater impact on the resulting regime. This lends support to some core principles of "deliberative" theories of democracy.
Diversity on college campuses enriches the experience in various ways. For many students, the non-homogenous composition of the university population becomes their introduction to the world as it is a departure from their sheltered backgrounds. For others who are already familiar with diverse communities, the multi-ethnic multicultural campus environment is an affirmation of their experience. Navigating the cross-cultural fabric of campus life is part of the overall learning experience for everyone.
The Honors College requires all of its first year students to live in the Honors College living-learning community as part of its mission of creating an interdisciplinary experience for high-achieving students across academic fields. While students in the school-based honors programs and the Honors College have different curricular requirements and extracurricular opportunities, they share much honors coursework and meet together frequently through co-curricular and scholarly forums. Learn more about Honors at Rutgers-New Brunswick. Students accepted into these participating schools may also be invited to become members of the residential Honors College. That remains the case if the student transfers to a different school at Rutgers—New Brunswick.