Homework , or a homework assignment , is a set of tasks assigned to students by their teachers to be completed outside the class. Common homework assignments may include required reading , a writing or typing project, mathematical exercises to be completed, information to be reviewed before a test , or other skills to be practiced. It is often thought that Roberto Nevilis of Venice, Italy invented homework in as a punishment for his students. Upon further inspection, however, this seems to be more of an internet myth than a fact due to the lack of historic evidence.
Homework assignments have been shown to produce both causal and correlational effects in prior meta-analytic reviews of cognitive behavior therapy CBT , but this research area has been characterized by a focus on the amount of compliance i. A landmark study by Neimeyer and Feixas showed stronger homework-outcome relations when quality was assessed, but previous reviews have not considered whether the same pattern is evident across studies. Differences that were obtained in homework-outcome relations among sources of compliance data client, therapist, objective were tentative due to overlapping CIs, but suggest a potential moderating effect. If confirmed by further research, the present findings would suggest that trial methods capable of assessing both quantity and quality have been an important omission in research on homework-outcome relations in CBT.
Parents have been questioning the excessive amount of homework given in schools, both public and private for years, and believe it or not, there is evidence that supports limiting the amount of homework children have can actually be beneficial. The National Education Association NEA has released guidelines about the right amount of homework--the amount that helps kids learn without getting in the way of their developing other parts of their life. Many experts believe that students should receive roughly 10 minutes per night of homework in the first grade and an additional 10 minutes per grade for each following year. By this standard, high school seniors should have about minutes or two hours of homework a night, but some students have two hours of work in middle school and many more hours than that in high school, particularly if they are enrolled in Advanced or AP classes.
Some schools have started banning homework. Given the time it takes for students to do homework, as well as the time it takes for teachers to mark it, the question we should all be asking is: how much impact does homework actually have? This also leads to some follow-up questions: is more homework always better?