Original Article:. Being-in-the-Room Privilege:. Elite Capture and Epistemic Deference. I can send you the Google doc with my notes, too? It was an innocent and properly motivated offer: Helen, a freelance journalist, was offering to give up something for me, stemming from her concern to live out an ethos of racial justice.
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Naturalism in epistemology, as elsewhere, has a long history. But it is only relatively recently that it has gone by just that name and received so much focused attention. Broadly speaking, however, proponents of NE take the attitude that there should be a close connection between philosophical investigation—here, of such things as knowledge, justification, rationality, etc.
Those two features are: 1 the introduction of a formal apparatus for inductive logic; 2 the introduction of a pragmatic self-defeat test as illustrated by Dutch Book Arguments for epistemic rationality as a way of extending the justification of the laws of deductive logic to include a justification for the laws of inductive logic. The formal apparatus itself has two main elements: the use of the laws of probability as coherence constraints on rational degrees of belief or degrees of confidence and the introduction of a rule of probabilistic inference, a rule or principle of conditionalization. Bayesian epistemology did not emerge as a philosophical program until the first formal axiomatizations of probability theory in the first half of the 20 th century. One important application of Bayesian epistemology has been to the analysis of scientific practice in Bayesian Confirmation Theory. In addition, a major branch of statistics, Bayesian statistics , is based on Bayesian principles.