A counterculture is a culture whose values and norms of behavior differ substantially from those of mainstream society, sometimes diametrically opposed to mainstream cultural mores. When oppositional forces reach critical mass , countercultures can trigger dramatic cultural changes. Prominent examples of countercultures in the Western world include the Levellers — ,  Bohemianism — , the Non-conformists of the s , the more fragmentary counterculture of the Beat Generation — , followed by the globalized counterculture of the s — , usually associated with the hippie subculture  as well as the diversified punk subculture of the s and s. John Milton Yinger originated the term "contraculture" in his article in American Sociological Review. Yinger suggested the use of the term contraculture "wherever the normative system of a group contains, as a primary element, a theme of conflict with the values of the total society, where personality variables are directly involved in the development and maintenance of the group's values, and wherever its norms can be understood only by reference to the relationships of the group to a surrounding dominant culture. Some scholars have attributed the counterculture to Theodore Roszak ,    author of The Making of a Counter Culture.
Yuppie is a slang term denoting the market segment of young urban professionals. A yuppie is often characterized by youth, affluence, and business success. They are often preppy in appearance and like to show off their success by their style and possessions. Coined in the s, the term yuppie was used as a derogatory title for young business people who were considered arrogant, undeservedly wealthy, and obnoxious.
Johns Hopkins Scientists Give Psychedelics the Serious Treatment
John Mack began his own investigation, one that ended in a fight for academic freedom. In , a married couple named Betty and Barney Hill told an astonishing story about being kidnapped and taken aboard a spacecraft. In the years that followed, thousands of other cases surfaced, inspiring best- selling books and popular movies.
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