A delusion is a fixed belief that is not amenable to change in light of conflicting evidence. Delusions have been found to occur in the context of many pathological states both general physical and mental and are of particular diagnostic importance in psychotic disorders including schizophrenia , paraphrenia , manic episodes of bipolar disorder , and psychotic depression. In addition to these categories, delusions often manifest according to a consistent theme. Although delusions can have any theme, certain themes are more common.
Delusions are considered inaccurate beliefs held by an individual, typically with a mental illness , regardless of logical evidence disproving the belief. A delusion differs from a belief that is held based on insufficient information or perceptual feedback. As they gained new scientific insight into space with new technology 16th century , they updated their previously held false belief. Based on the accumulated scientific knowledge, we all now know that the Sun is in fact the center of the solar system. Although a majority of delusions manifest as a result of excess dopaminergic activity, it is difficult to pinpoint the specific neurochemical abnormalities responsible for every delusion. In addition to positive symptoms of schizophrenia , delusions may occur in cases of psychotic depression, bipolar disorder, personality disorders, as well as those who abuse illicit drugs. In the earliest days of psychology, diagnostic criteria for delusions were developed by Karl Jaspers.
Erotomania is listed in the DSM-5 as a subtype of a delusional disorder. The object of the delusion is typically a male who is unattainable due to high social or financial status, marriage or disinterest. Delusions of reference are common, as the erotomanic individual often perceives that they are being sent messages from the secret admirer through innocuous events such as seeing license plates from specific states, but has no research development proof. Erotomania is more common in women, but men are more likely to exhibit violent and stalker -like behaviors. In some cases, the sufferer may believe several people at once are "secret admirers".
Both authors conceptualized and designed the analysis and wrote and edited the article. Each of these statements is certainly true in particular instances. In the United States, popular and political discourse frequently focuses on the causal impact of mental illness in the aftermath of mass shootings. For instance, the US media diagnosed shooter Adam Lanza with schizophrenia in the days following the tragic school shooting at Sandy Hook elementary school in Newtown, Connecticut, in December