A coastline or a seashore is the area where land meets the sea or ocean. A precise line that can be called a coastline cannot be determined due to the Coastline paradox. A pelagic coast refers to a coast which fronts the open ocean, as opposed to a more sheltered coast in a gulf or bay. A shore, on the other hand, can refer to parts of the land which adjoin any large body of water, including oceans sea shore and lakes lake shore. Tides often determine the range over which sediment is deposited or eroded.
Soft engineering is where the natural environment is used to help reduce coastal erosion and river flooding. At the coast soft engineering is where a beach is used to absorb wave energy and reduce erosion. These methods of coastal protection are more sustainable as they have less impact on the environment and work with the natural coastal processes.
Soft engineering does not involve building artificial structures but takes a more sustainable and natural approach to managing the coast. Compared to hard engineering, soft engineering approaches are less expensive, are more long-term, attractive and sustainable as they work with natural processes. Below we explore some of the soft engineering techniques available in managing coastlines. Beaches are made higher and wider by importing sand and shingle to an area affected by longshore drift. Advantages Cheap, retain the natural appearance of the beach and preserves the natural appearance of the beach.