Jump to navigation. This literature review of community development evaluation examines eight specific evaluation methods. It also provides examples of a range for practical tools and evaluation exercises focused on the needs of small community development organizations interested in developing their own evaluation frameworks. Community Waitakere is a community development organization committed to achieving strong, dynamic, sustainable community and voluntary sectors in Waitakere. They do this by strengthening links between community groups, organizations, businesses, government and individuals by promoting and modeling collaboration and partnering, enhancing networking and communication, developing projects and helping to foster collective visions of positive change in Waitakere New Zealand. Community Waitakere commissioned the Community Development Evaluation Research Project to offer a set of resources and tools to support the development of effective evaluation frameworks by community development organizations.
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Does community participation in development projects improve the quality and targeting of public benefits? Does participation lead to the empowerment of marginalised groups and increase the capacity for collective action? What are the effects of external agents on the quality of participation and on project success and sustainability? This review examines the literature on the effectiveness of participatory development and makes recommendations for future research. Although community-based and-driven development are among the fastest growing mechanisms for channelling development assistance, projects that rely on community participation have not been particularly effective at targeting the poor. Most are dominated by elites and both targeting and project quality tend to be worse in more unequal communities.
Rapid urbanisation, inequalities in income and service levels within and between communities, and population and economic decline are challenging the viability of rural communities worldwide. Achieving healthy and viable rural communities in the face of rapidly changing social, ecological and economic conditions is a declared global priority. As a result, governments all over the world, in both developed and developing countries, are now prioritizing rural and regional development through policies and programs aimed at enhancing the livelihoods of people living in rural regions. In recognition of the important roles that research can play in rural development, a range of systematic literature reviews have rightly examined key priorities in rural development including education, gender, economic development especially agriculture , and health and nutrition see Department for International Development [DFID], However, none of these works has systematically examined the extent to which rural development as a field of research is progressing towards facilitating sustainable change.
This literature review offers a brief background to the current state of play in the NHS and statutory services, and ideas that services more flexible, place-based services are likely to offer more effective and efficient outcomes. It then provides an overview of the nature of community development, its relationship to community health and to enhancing the responsiveness of commissioning of services. It brings together evidence which shows how communities can be supported to develop their own strengths and their own trajectories of development.