Reservation is a system of affirmative action in India that provides historically disadvantaged groups representation in education, employment and politics. Based on provisions in the Indian Constitution , it allows the Indian government to set reserved quotas or seats , which lower the qualifications needed in exams, job openings etc. Reservation was intended to uplift these communities but the government's failure to control the amount of reservation and lack of comprehensive review of the policies have resulted in wide criticism and backlash. Critics have often described it as a menace primarily due to its anti- meritocratic nature, which they claim is causing further division and discrimination in the society. In some states like Bihar or Tamil Nadu, there is a divide between backward castes, who face some socio-economic disadvantage and most backward or extremely backward castes, who face a high amount of social discrimination barely above Dalits in their status.
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